The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother’s Own) - History

Our History

The Toronto Scottish Regiment was raised on July 1, 1915, as the 75th (Mississauga) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, by Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Beckett. Within three weeks more than 1,500 personnel had been recruited. By March 1916 the battalion was fully trained and sailed for Liverpool. Over 5,500 soldiers served in the battalion during the First World War, of whom 1,049 were killed, including Lieutenant-Colonel Beckett. The 75th Battalion CEF was awarded 16 Battle Honours, and Captain Bellenden Hutcheson, the Medical Officer, won the Victoria Cross.

Lieutenant-Colonel Colin Harbottle, who had taken command of the battalion soon after the death of Lieutenant-Colonel Beckett, was encouraged by many of former officers and men to have the 75th become a permanent unit in the Canadian Militia. In May 1920 the government authorized the forming of the Mississauga Regiment to perpetuate the traditions of the 75th Battalion CEF. The Mississauga Regiment was re-designated The Toronto Scottish Regiment on Sept. 1, 1921.

Lieutenant-Colonel Harbottle sought and was granted affiliation with The London Scottish Regiment in England and adopted the London Scottish tartan, Hodden Grey. During this period Captain Roy Brown, who shot down Baron Von Richthofen during the war, and Captain Wilf Curtis, who went on to become Air Marshall of the Royal Canadian Air Force, served with the Regiment.

In 1937 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth agreed to become the Regiment's Colonel-in-Chief. On May 22, 1939, during the Royal Tour, Her Majesty presented new Regimental Colours to the Toronto Scottish on the campus of the University of Toronto. Her Majesty visited the Regiment again in 1962, 1965, 1979, 1981, 1985, and 1989.

During the Second World War, Her Majesty visited the Regiment on two occasions, in 1940 and 1943. Because the Toronto Scottish Regiment had been designated as a machine gun battalion, it did not fight as a complete unit during the war. In November 1940, using its machine guns, the Regiment shot down a German Dornier 17 bomber, a first by the Canadian Army. The raid on Dieppe in August of 1942 included 127 members of the Regiment. From D-Day until the cease-fire on May 7, 1945, the Toronto Scottish was on the continent of Europe supporting many units of the 2nd Canadian Division. Forty-seven members of the Regiment were decorated and 42 Mentioned in Dispatches during the war.

The active battalion of the Toronto Scottish Regiment was disbanded on December 31, 1945, and the Regiment reverted to an infantry unit of the Militia.

Members of the Regiment have served on international peacekeeping missions in Bosnia, Cambodia, Croatia, Cyprus, Haiti, Namibia, the Golan Heights, and Rwanda. In Canada, members of the Regiment deployed and provided assistance during the Winnipeg flood of 1997, the eastern Ontario ice storm of 1998, and the snow storm that crippled Toronto in January 1999. Many of the Regiment's soldiers (including a recent Commanding Officer) served with the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. True to the Regiment's motto, they will Carry On in the service of Canada.

More history on The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother’s Own) can be found on the History and Heritage website.

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